1.1.Background of study
As English becomes increasingly important in various fields such as business, finance, industry, technology, and education. Most people, especially student’s hope the can speak English fluently. Besides, English is very important to be leant because we have been referring to English as a global language some people say that will be the second language of the whole people in the world.
In Indonesia, English has been officially adopted as a foreign language which is first leant at elementary school up to university level. It means that all Indonesian students start learning English at elementary school. Students have to study this language because it has been a part of curriculum. So that, one of these problems faced by Indonesian students in studying English is dealing with vocabulary.
In term of English teaching, vocabulary is one of the components which support other skills such as listening, speaking, reading, and writing. On the other word, the students learning English should know some words as basic foundation for the language. Besides that, someone must learn about meaning of the vocabulary and how to use it in sentences.
Some linguists also express their idea about learning vocabulary, Anna
Gnojka (1998, 25) said:
English teaching leaning that deal with vocabulary. That is improving the students’ vocabulary by using “the Jakarta post” newspaper. And it is hoped that the result of this investigation can help teachers and students of English.
Teaching vocabulary by using English newspaper, according to linguistic has many advantages. Newspaper is one of kind of printed mass media. It is published every day or daily. From the newspaper, we can get the information that is happen in daily life. The information from the newspaper can be used by the reader as one of the source of information.
1.2.Problem of the research.
The problems of this research are in the following:
- Does the using of “the Jakarta post” newspaper in teaching and learning English
- How is the best way in teaching and learning English vocabulary?
1.3.Purpose of the research
The purposes of the research are bellow:
- To research the effect of using “the Jakarta post” newspaper in teaching and
learning English vocabulary.
- To find out the best way in teaching and learning English vocabulary
1.4.Significance of the research
By doing this research hopefully that:
1. The English teacher will use the technique found in this research when they
2. By using the technique above, the students can easily to master English
3. This research can motivate other English students at Almuslim University to
do further research about improving students’ vocabulary.
4. The teachers can receive the positive effect of using “the Jakarta post” newspaper in teaching English vocabulary, so they are going to use this technique in the future.
5. Useful for the writer for own experience and can increase the writer’s skill it
self and then able to use it in the future.
a. Definition of key terms Scope of the research
The research gives the scope of the research for limiting the focus of this research concern with teaching English vocabulary, especially noun and verb. The words of noun and verb which are taught will depend on the text of “the Jakarta post” newspaper.
1. “Improving is changing thing to be better or perfect by effort”. (Winston
Churchill, http://www.answers.com/improve&r=67), in this case, it mean
that the writer want to research if using “the Jakarta post “ newspaper in teaching and learning can improve the students’ ability in mastering English vocabulary.
Vocabulary is a list of words and sometime phrase usually arranged in
alphabetical other and define, etc (Noah Webster, 1997:2046).
According to oxford leaner’s pocket dictionary (2003:482), vocabulary is all the words that a person knows or uses; all the words in language; and all the words with their meanings, especial in a book for learning a foreign language. In this case, vocabulary means a list of words taught by teacher through word cards.
Newspaper is printed publication, issued daily or weekly, with news, advertisement, etc (oxford learner’s pocket dictionary, 2003) in this case, the researcher will use the “the Jakarta post” newspaper in teaching and learning process of vocabulary.
1.6.Review of related literature
Vocabulary in a language is one of the most vital aspects to be mastered by the students of English. An explanation about vocabulary and its function in language teaching is necessary. Vocabulary is defined as all the words recognized and understood by a particular person, although they are not necessary to be used by
him. According to oxford leaner’s pocket dictionary, “Vocabulary is: (1) all the words that a person knows or uses; (2) all the words in a language; (3) list of words with their meanings, especially in a book for learning a foreign language”.
From the definition, it can be concluded that vocabulary is a number of word or a bunch of words that should be familiar with someone and have in his/her mind. In other words, vocabulary is the word capacity of some one when he or she is writing or reading a text, or when he or she is expressing own ideas in practical oral communication. So, it would be impossible for one who does not have enough vocabulary to communicate his ideas as clearly as he would like either in oral or written.In this research, the writers focus on improving two kinds of vocabulary,
namely noun and verb. So, it is necessary to mention a little bit explanation about
noun and verb, R. L. Trask, (1999: 206) for example, states:
“Noun is the part of speech which includes word like girl, free and happiness. Traditional grammarian often tried to define a noun as the name of a person, place or thing”
The other definition of noun is said by Harry Suhartanto (2005: 42) “Noun atau kata benda digunakan untuk menyebutkan nama seseorang, tempat, ide atau kegiatan. (Nouns is the words that are used to mention the name of a person, place, idea, or activity)”
Verb is also one of the writer’s focuses in this research. According to R. L
Trask (1999: 334): “Verb is the part of speech which includes words like go, see, understand and seem. The class of verbs is universal: no language has ever been discovered which lacked a distinct class of verbs. The most prototypical verbs denote actions performed by an agent, such as run, sing, throw, hit and give”
1.7.Methodology of The Research
1.8.1. Kind of the Research
The design of the research is Classroom Action Research (CAR). In the procedure and implementation of the process, there are some stages that will be done in repeated cycles. First, planning an action, the researcher will design a lesson plan and preparing the topic which will be given to the students and suitable to the students at the class. The second, implementation of the action that the research will do in the learning and teaching process. The researcher will teach the material about vocabulary using word cards in order to know the students’ ability in mastering the English vocabulary.
The third, observation that will be done by the researcher to collect data during action. The fourth, reflection and data analysis that shows the results of the action done in each action. If the action of each cycle is considered not being successful, the researcher will revise the plan and continue the next cycle. But if the action has met the proposed criteria, another cycle will not be carried out.
Arikunto (2005: 54) states
Dalam The Action Research Planner Stephen Kemmis dan Robin Mc Taggert memberikan pedoman tentang langkah-langkah yang dilalui jika seseorang melaksanakan penelitian tindakkan (action research) yaitu:
1. Menyusun sebuah rencana (to develop a plan) untuk mengembangkan atau meningkatkan tindakan yang sudah dan sedang dilangsungkan.
2. Melaksanakan apa yang di rencanakan (to act to implement the
3. Mengadakan pengamatan terhadap akibat dari tindakan yang dilakukan (to observe the effects of action in the context in which it occurs).
4. Mengadakan refleksi berdasarkan atas akibat-akibat tindakan untuk membuat rencana tindak lanjut (to reflect on these effects as a basis for further planning, subsequent action and so on, through a succession of cycles). (Stephen Kemmis and Robin McTaggert, 1982)”.
1.8.2. Population and Sample of the Research
The population of this research is the whole first year students of SMP N 1 Makmur. There are three classes at the school. The researcher does not take all the class to be a sample of the research. The researcher decided to choose one class as the sample to make it easier for the writer to collect the data. The sample class consists of 35 students.
1.8.3. Technique of Data Collecting
In collecting data, the researcher will ask the sample of research to answer the pre-test. This is done before teaching process. And after teaching process, the researcher will give them the post-test.
The observation sheets also will be used as an instrument in collecting data.
Its function are below:
1. To assess the students during the learning process.
2. To check the students’ understanding about word card.
3. To find out the advantages of using newspaper in teaching
4. To check the students’ attitude while participating in the learning process of using newspaper as the media in teaching vocabulary.
For the completion of Research methodology will be explained further in
1.8.Schedule of The Research
The researcher has planned the research schedule as follows:
1. The first research will be conducted on February 10th, 2009 at the sample
class of SMP N 1 Makmu
2. The second research will be conducted on March 15th, 2009 at the sample
class of SMP N 1 Makmur
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